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Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above the sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters, all within a distance of 150 kilometers resulting into climatic conditions from Sub-tropical to Arctic.


Nepal--occupying only 0.1 percent of the total landmass of the earth – is home to:

  • 2% of all the flowering plants in the world;
  • 8% of the world’s population of birds (more than 848 species);
  • 4% of mammals on earth;
  • 11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species);
  • 600 indigenous plant families;
  • 319 species of exotic orchids.

Nepal at a Glance


  • Area : 1, 47,181
  • Location : Situated between china in the north and India in the South, East and West.
  • Capital : Kathmandu.
  • Population : 23.1 Million.
  • Language : Nepali is a national language. However travel-trade related people understand and speak English as well.
  • Currency : Nepalese Rupee (approximately US$ 1 equals Rs. 64.32 as of May 2008).
  • Religion : Nepal is secular state with a pre-dominance of Hindus and Buddhist Population.
  • Climate : Nepal has four major seasons, namely,
                      (1) Winter: December-February,
                      (2) Spring: March-May,
                      (3) Summer: June-August,
                      (4) Autumn: September- November. Nepal can be visited the whole year round.
  • People : Nepal has more than 101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages.
  • What to Wear : Light weight clothing is recommended for May through October. Warm Garments are required in October to March. An umbrella or a raincoat is a must for the rainy season.